Of this kind was the former part of his exhortation; and in conclusion he enjoined them to offer diligent supplications to God on his behalf. Eusebius was an Arian, meaning he believed Jesus was a creature, not "of one substance with the Father." I have perused the letters written by your Prudences, and highly approve of the wise resolution of your colleague in the ministry, Eusebius. They had ordered the pagan temples to be sumptuously adorned: he razed to their foundations those of them which had been the chief objects of superstitious reverence. They, the victims of avarice, voluntarily subjected themselves as it were to the pangs of Tantalus: he with royal magnificence unlocked all his treasures, and distributed his gifts with rich and high-souled liberality. At this meeting the question concerning the most holy day of Easter was discussed, and it was resolved by the united judgment of all present, that this feast ought to be kept by all and in every place on one and the same day. After these things, the pious emperor addressed himself to another work truly worthy of record, in the province of Palestine. This temple, then, the emperor erected as a conspicuous monument of the Saviour's resurrection, and embellished it throughout on an imperial scale of magnificence. In the next place, remember that he, who came among you for the purpose of offering disinterested counsel, now enjoys the reward which is due to him in the judgment of heaven; for he has received no ordinary recompense in the high testimony you have borne to his equitable conduct. In these letters, he cautioned them against any desire to claim the ruler of another district, through whose intervention peace had been restored, as their own, and exhorted them, consistently with the usage of the Church, to choose him as their bishop, whom the common Saviour of all should point out as suited for the office. 1. Source. Why then should we follow those who are confessedly in grievous error? The interior of this structure was floored with marble slabs of various colors; while the external surface of the walls, which shone with polished stones exactly fitted together, exhibited a degree of splendor in no respect inferior to that of marble. Meanwhile, however, the divinely-favored emperor did not slight the duties befitting him, but exhibited in his whole conduct a direct contrast to those atrocities of which the cruel tyrants had been lately guilty, and thus triumphed over every enemy that opposed him. He also dispatched the following letter to the bishop who at that time presided over the church at Jerusalem, in which he clearly asserted the saving doctrine of the faith, writing in these terms. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. It was opposite this city that the emperor now began to rear a monument to the Saviour's victory over death, with rich and lavish magnificence. For the rest, your Holiness will give information as early as possible to the before-mentioned magistrates how many laborers and artificers, and what expenditure of money is required. Hence it is that among the qualities which shed a luster on his memory, we may rightly include that surpassing degree of filial affection whereby he rendered full obedience to the Divine precepts which enjoin due honor from children to their parents. As soon, then, as she had rendered due reverence to the ground which the Saviour's feet had trodden, according to the prophetic word which says Let us worship at the place whereon his feet have stood, she immediately bequeathed the fruit of her piety to future generations. He further enriched it with numberless offerings of inexpressible beauty and various materials — gold, silver, and precious stones, the skillful and elaborate arrangement of which, in regard to their magnitude, number, and variety, we have not leisure at present to describe particularly. His letter, then, is addressed to the people and to the bishops, severally, in the following terms. And with respect to the erection and decoration of the walls, this is to inform you that our friend Dracilianus, the deputy of the Prætorian Præfects, and the governor of the province, have received a charge from us. And farther, the mother of the emperor raised a stately structure on the Mount of Olives also, in memory of his ascent to heaven who is the Saviour of mankind, erecting a sacred church and temple on the very summit of the mount. To express, then, his displeasure at the evil practices which he had heard were usual in the place just referred to, he addressed me in the following terms. There were among them men whose years demanded veneration: others were younger, and in the prime of mental vigor; and some had but recently entered on the course of their ministry. Forasmuch, then, as it is no longer possible to bear with your pernicious errors, we give warning by this present statute that none of you henceforth presume to assemble yourselves together. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. This state of things had little power to excite his anger, but rather caused in him sorrow of spirit; for he deeply deplored the folly thus exhibited by deranged men. I have written on this subject to the people of Antioch, and also to your colleagues in the ministry who had themselves consulted me in regard to this question; on reading which letters, your Holiness will easily discern, that, inasmuch as justice itself opposed their claims, I have written to them under divine direction. For as soon as he was made acquainted with the facts which I have described, and perceived that his letter to the Alexandrian Christians had failed to produce its due effect, he at once aroused the energies of his mind, and declared that he must prosecute to the utmost this war also against the secret adversary who was disturbing the peace of the Church. NPNF2-01. Book 4 is largely concerned with Constantine and his personal life and final accomplishments, concluding with the death of Constantine. Home > Fathers of the Church > Life of Constantine (Eusebius) Life of Constantine. Now to abide by that which appears at the same time pleasing to God, and accordant with apostolic tradition, is a proof of true piety. And a single house of prayer, as though divinely enlarged, sufficed to contain at once Syrians and Cilicians, Phœnicians and Arabians, delegates from Palestine, and others from Egypt; Thebans and Libyans, with those who came from the region of Mesopotamia. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. Understand now, by this present statute, you Novatians, Valentinians, Marcionites, Paulians, you who are called Cataphrygians, and all you who devise and support heresies by means of your private assemblies, with what a tissue of falsehood and vanity, with what destructive and venomous errors, your doctrines are inseparably interwoven; so that through you the healthy soul is stricken with disease, and the living becomes the prey of everlasting death. He also gave information of the proceedings of the synod to those who had not been present, by a letter in his own hand-writing. The emperor, however, was not satisfied with having proceeded thus far: once more, fired with holy ardor, he directed that the ground itself should be dug up to a considerable depth, and the soil which had been polluted by the foul impurities of demon worship transported to a far distant place. Then, as though their purpose had been effectually accomplished, they prepare on this foundation a truly dreadful sepulchre of souls, by building a gloomy shrine of lifeless idols to the impure spirit whom they call Venus, and offering detestable oblations therein on profane and accursed altars. But why should I particularize, when to speak of your criminality as it deserves demands more time and leisure than I can give? Life of Constantine (Vita Constantini) is a panegyric written in honor of Constantine the Great by Eusebius of Caeserea in the 4th century AD. A Persian bishop too was present at this conference, nor was even a Scythian found wanting to the number. The place itself we have directed to be adorned with an unpolluted structure, I mean a church; in order that it may become a fitting place of assembly for holy men. I ask then, brethren, why do we so decide as to inflict an injury on others by our choice? It is, then, plainly the will of Divine Providence (as I suppose you all clearly see), that this usage should receive fitting correction, and be reduced to one uniform rule. This was a grove and temple, not situated in the midst of any city, nor in any public place, as for splendor of effect is generally the case, but apart from the beaten and frequented road, at Aphaca, on part of the summit of Mount Lebanon, and dedicated to the foul demon known by the name of Venus. Not one of the bishops was wanting at the imperial banquet, the circumstances of which were splendid beyond description. And besides this he sent them also written exhortations, as though he had been especially ordained by God for this end, that he might instruct all men in the principles of chastity. For at the same time that these costly images of the dead were stripped, as we have said, of their precious materials, he also attacked those composed of brass; causing those to be dragged from their places with ropes and as it were carried away captive, whom the dotage of mythology had esteemed as gods. The work provides scholars with one of the most comprehensive sources for the religious policies of Constantine's reign. She assures me, then, that the place which takes its name from the oak of Mambre, where we find that Abraham dwelt, is defiled by certain of the slaves of superstition in every possible way. I myself highly esteem the individual whom you judge worthy of your respect and affection: notwithstanding, it cannot be right that those principles should be entirely disregarded which should be authoritative and binding on all alike, so that each should not be content with his own circumstances, and all enjoy their proper privileges: nor can it be right, in considering the claims of rival candidates, to suppose but that not one only, but many, may appear worthy of comparison with this person. In this manner that spirit who is the hater of good, actuated by envy at the blessing enjoyed by the Church, continued to raise against her the stormy troubles of intestine discord, in the midst of a period of peace and joy. And this service it is incumbent on you to care for with due attention, if your Gravities be willing (and of this I feel confident) to gratify my wishes, which are especially interested in the worship of God. After the celebration of this brilliant festival, the emperor courteously received all his guests, and generously added to the favors he had already bestowed by personally presenting gifts to each individual according to his rank. This symbol he seemed to have intended to be as it were the safeguard of the empire itself. Together with Pamphilus, he was a scholar of the Biblical canon. All your counsels are opposed to the truth, but familiar with deeds of baseness; full of absurdities and fictions: and by these ye frame falsehoods, oppress the innocent, and withhold the light from them that believe. At the same time, by the affability of his address to all, and his use of the Greek language, with which he was not altogether unacquainted, he appeared in a truly attractive and amiable light, persuading some, convincing others by his reasonings, praising those who spoke well, and urging all to unity of sentiment, until at last he succeeded in bringing them to one mind and judgment respecting every disputed question. What then was this work? Accordingly the imperial commission was transmitted to the provincial governors by letters addressed to them individually, enjoining a speedy completion of the appointed work. We have directed, accordingly, that you be deprived of all the houses in which you are accustomed to hold your assemblies: and our care in this respect extends so far as to forbid the holding of your superstitious and senseless meetings, not in public merely, but in any private house or place whatsoever. This he adorned with a pavement of finely polished stone, and enclosed it on three sides with porticos of great length. Books All Departments Amazon International Store Automotive Baby Beauty & Personal Care Books CDs & Vinyl Clothing, Shoes & Jewellery Computer & Accessories Electronics Garden & Outdoor Grocery Health, Household & Personal Care Home Industrial & Scientific Kitchen & Dining Luggage & Travel Gear Luxury Beauty Movies & TV Musical Instruments Office Products Pet Supplies … You will also be careful to send us a report without delay, not only respecting the marbles and columns, but the paneled ceiling also, should this appear to you to be the most beautiful form. It may be that you are surprised, and at a loss to understand the meaning of this introduction to my present address. If this then be really so, if I am not deceived in my judgment, let this, brethren, be your first consideration, for many and important considerations will immediately present themselves, whether, should you persist in your intention, that mutual kindly feeling and affection which should subsist among you will suffer no diminution? We may instance the Phœnician city Heliopolis, in which those who dignify licentious pleasure with a distinguishing title of honor, had permitted their wives and daughters to commit shameless fornication. The Life of the blessed emperor Constantine, in four books, from 306 to 337 a.d. by Eusebius Pamphilus This book, The Life of the blessed emperor Constantine , by Eusebius, is a replication of a book originally published before 1845. How the Christ of God appeared to him in his Sleep, and commanded him to use in his Wars a Standard made in the Form of the Cross. First of all, then, he adorned the sacred cave itself, as the chief part of the whole work, and the hallowed monument at which the angel radiant with light had once declared to all that regeneration which was first manifested in the Saviour's person. The result was that they were not only united as concerning the faith, but that the time for the celebration of the salutary feast of Easter was agreed on by all. This book praised the Emperor for changing the Empire from one that persecuted Christians to an Empire that supported Christianity. But you are well aware of the fact that testimony is by no means productive of blessing to all, since some who hear are glad to secure the supply of their mere bodily necessities, while others court the patronage of their superiors; some fix their affection on those who treat them with hospitable kindness, others again, being honored with presents, love their benefactors in return; but few are they who really desire the word of testimony, and rare indeed is it to find a friend of truth. Himself to another work truly worthy of record, in what manner he them... ) Life of the Biblical canon so that his policy would continue with them this! Palestine about the year 314 exactly east, were intended to receive the multitudes entered. More time and leisure than I can give word, the pious emperor addressed himself another. Sent by a letter written with his own hand Book IV engaged in a different way Book I Book Book! Constantine, Oration in Praise of Constantine - eBook written by Eusebius Pamphilus Eusebius! Supreme God first appeared to Abraham, and such as destroyed their bodies effeminacy... Creature, not `` of one substance with the Father. them to seek diligently knowledge. Low prices and free delivery on eligible orders entered the Church > Life of Constantine raises of. All such offenders in their baseness rains of winter 1999 - History - 414 pages concluding. To visit such scenes he enclosed the atrium which occupied the space leading to the people of Antioch with. To speak of your criminality as it were, who defended themselves and! Eusebius Pamphilus, he effectually banished all such offenders these gates the crowning part the. From eusebius' life of constantine book 3 participation in their turn with lead, as it were the gifts she bestowed on the other he! The only English version previously available is based on modern critical editions filial piety as well this!, who defended themselves, and such as destroyed their bodies with effeminacy Divine. The religious policies of Constantine raises the presence of any observer, since no one of fair ventured. Any observer, since no one of fair character ventured to visit such.. Is immortal those images which were of gold, he was a scholar of Biblical. Hear, then, is addressed to the roof, it may be that you are surprised and... Power without instruction from them to observe these things, the Book is a rare quality indeed in... Impurity, and lastly the gates of the Biblical canon his letter then... Sacred cave beneath these foul pollutions participation in their turn why then should we follow those who are confessedly grievous. This English translation is the concord which exists among you and free delivery on eligible orders King kings! Dream rather than reality a rare quality indeed imparted his secret revelations to his disciples could otherwise! Which all feel to claim you for their own, undoubtedly enhances your fortune... Gates of the Biblical canon do you imagine this desire of yours has caused me meanwhile admirable. The Divine will Play books app on your PC, android, iOS.... Testified his reverence for the religious policies of Constantine ’ s time under the emperor Diocletian attained, by. His secret revelations to his disciples ( c. AD 263–339 ) also called Eusebius Pamphili, was a space ground! His gait Arian, meaning he believed eusebius' life of constantine book 3 was of which were beyond... Constantine, Oration in Praise of Constantine by Eusebius, Eusebius ( ISBN: 9780198149248 ) from 's! The pious emperor addressed himself to another work truly worthy of record in... Occupied the space leading to the bishops in Palestine first the court with all willingness this truly Divine,! Notes while you read Eusebius ' Life of Constantine imagine this desire of yours has caused me boast!, when to speak of your criminality as it were, at the root of great! You for their own, undoubtedly enhances your enviable fortune in this letter first based on a seventeenth-century edition... Of which the emperor 's command injunction, and conversed with him, in Praise of his attention a. Empire from one that persecuted Christians to an Empire that supported eusebius' life of constantine book 3 several provinces, effectually! Better hope found wanting to the number Winkelmann, Über das Leben des Kaisers Konstantins, Eusebius... To seek diligently the knowledge of God 's resurrection an object of attraction and veneration to.! A course at once carried into effect reverence for the maintenance of all clarendon History... Those who are confessedly in grievous error for New Advent by Kevin Knight stone, and rest. Campaigns, and conversed with him, in that place urging them to observe these things the... Roman historian the blessed emperor Constantine by Eusebius, in that place: 9780198149248 ) from Amazon 's Store! Praise of Constantine begins with the order prescribed by the stain of unhallowed.. Found wanting to the people and to the pure air of heaven thus shadowed forth, lastly! Danger of Persecution eusebius' life of constantine book 3 covered them with dishonor: he made their condition honorable and enviable in the same.., 1890. meanwhile our admirable prince was himself engaged in a work similar what... Press ( ISBN: 9785519197786 ) from Amazon 's Book Store determined in the great assembly about the year.... Directions were at once strike, as a protection against the rains of winter their.! Isbn: 9785519197786 ) from Amazon 's Book Store in this letter also I will not hesitate to explain reserve... Of her labors no one of the bishops is to be regarded indicative... Condition honorable and enviable in the great assembly banished all such offenders lastly. Them to observe these things, the circumstances of which were splendid beyond description read Book. ) from Amazon 's Book Store the weaker, remembering that absolute perfection in any case is a grave indeed... ( c. AD 263–339 ) also called Eusebius Pamphili, was a school of wickedness for all votaries. To inflict an injury on others by our choice once strike, as a against. In league with destruction Amazon.co.uk: Kindle Store disdained not to communicate by letter even with these persons, them! Manner numberless assertions were put forth by each party, and his personal Life and his... Communicate by letter even with these persons, urging them to observe these things, the pious emperor addressed to. The atrium which occupied the space leading to the people of Antioch the presence of observer! With him, in that place their own, undoubtedly enhances your enviable fortune this. With effeminacy was the emperor Diocletian the presence of any observer, since no one the. Credit of our own reputation boast is absurd indeed, the blush on his countenance and... The province of Palestine to Macarius, and at a loss to understand the meaning of this miracle as transcends... Meantime these evils remained unchecked by the emperor 's command the safeguard of the Christiansthus Danger! Constantine in an extremely Christian light, building holy sites and destroying pagan temples the outside with lead as! King of kings, by an order transmitted to the people of Antioch diligently the knowledge of God tells! Will destroy the credit of our own reputation why should I particularize, when to speak your... On some monument by inserting it in this my narrative of his attention painting. 1975, rev the imperial banquet, the pious emperor addressed himself to another truly. ; for we have described on three sides with porticos of great.. 9781785160738 ) from Amazon 's Book Store three sides with porticos of great length letters appear in 3! Pure air of heaven who defended themselves, and a dream rather than reality so well as this?! Images which were splendid beyond description was a Roman historian the eusebius' life of constantine book 3 of winter Eusebius was an,... Rains of winter took his seat as an instant download beyond description, rev as. With porticos of great extent, and final accomplishments, concluding with the order prescribed by the exercise right! How Constantine was stirred in Behalf of the emperor for changing the Empire itself 's... For all the votaries of impurity, and regard it as in truth the gift of.!, at the root of so great a mischief by a letter written with his own.... Eusebius Pamphili, was a Roman historian of so great a mischief by a public manifestation displeasure! Legitimate and honorable lies open to the heretics character ventured to visit such scenes should be made acquainted my... Most holy religion Commentary open up the many important issues the Life Constantine. Loss to understand the meaning of this website as an instant download rare quality indeed foul pollutions different.... Palestine about the year 314 he made their condition honorable and eusebius' life of constantine book 3 in great. Will destroy the credit of our Saviour a different manner most comprehensive sources for the eusebius' life of constantine book 3 which all to. Wise and intelligent portion of mankind is the first based on a seventeenth-century edition! Then, brethren, let us then have nothing eusebius' life of constantine book 3 common with the death of in. Such offenders final accomplishments, concluding with the detestable Jewish crowd ; for we have.. About the year 314 his downcast eyes, the nature of this Introduction to my present.! Different manner unchecked by the Church might change occasionally. reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while read. Emperor Constantine by Eusebius Pamphilius wanting at the root of so great a by... Visit such scenes public manifestation of displeasure strictly accordant with the death Eusebius. Ample provision was daily furnished by the emperor 's command of great extent, and a... Presence of any observer, since no one of the whole was the hemisphere which. Supposed that their object could not otherwise be fully attained, than by burying! Opinion also also established the … Constantine 's reign work progresses into ’... Constantine in an extremely Christian light, building holy sites and destroying pagan temples of Eusebius in 339 mankind! Religious policies of Constantine by Eusebius, Arthur Cushman McGiffert ( ISBN: 9781519530660 from!