The sound produced by the double reed is unique and is easily distinguishable from that of single-reed woodwinds. These reeds are usually made from a thin piece of cane, or synthetic equivalent, fixed at one end over an opening in the flat surface of a mouthpiece. Over time, many variations of design and construction methods for double reed instruments have been developed. Blanks are tapered and profiled into reeds using blades or CNC machines. The predecessor of these instruments is the Chinese sheng. When the player closes their lips around the mouthpiece and blows, a tone is created as the reed vibrates against the mouthpiece. Define reed instrument. The instrument is sturdy, and the reed can be protected by a cap when not played. reed instrument definition: 1. a musical instrument, such as the clarinet or oboe, that produces sound when a musician blows on…. [3] The split pieces are gouged by machine to remove many layers and drastically decrease thickness, which eases the scraping process for the reed-maker. The harmonium is a keyboard instrument with notes produced by air driven by hand or foot. Double reed manufacturing begins the same way as that of single reeds. It is a type of pump organ and is related to reed organs and melodeons. Double-reed instruments differ from the other woodwind instruments in that sound is produced by two pieces of cane reed vibrating against one another, instead of a single reed vibrating against the instrument's mouthpiece. In the Sachs-Hornbostel system, all multiple reeds are generically classified as oboes…, …against a sharp edge; in reeds, the air column in the tube is caused to vibrate between beating parts of a multiple reed or between a beating single reed and a mouthpiece.…. Definition of reed instrument in the Definitions.net dictionary. Musical instruments are classified according to the type and number of reeds. The double reed is a kind of reed used to produce sound in a variety of wind instruments. The reed is made from cane, willow, brass or steel, and is enclosed in a rigid frame. Completed reeds are graded for strength by machine. [2], The tubes are split into three equal parts and the pieces that are not warped are chosen. Sound is produced when air is blown over the plate, causing the unattached end of the reed to vibrate "freely." After that, use of the dulcian and oboe became more prevalent than the shawm. The ancient double reed was used in the Greek aulos and its precursors and later in the shawm and its relatives, which were played from Mediterranean lands eastward to China. [4], Finally, the gouged pieces of cane are soaked, shaped on a shaper with razor blades, and allowed to dry before the final steps. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In flutes, the airstream is directed against a sharp edge; in reeds, the air column in the tube is caused to vibrate between beating parts of a multiple reed or between a beating single reed and a mouthpiece. The thickness of the tip and heel and the profile in between affect the sound and playability. harmonium, reed organ, organ - a free-reed instrument in which air is forced through the reeds by bellows wind instrument, wind - a musical instrument in which the sound is produced by an enclosed column of air that is moved by the breath Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. Framed free reeds are used on ancient East Asian instruments such as the Chinese shēng and Japanese shō, ancient Southeast Asian instruments like the Laotian khene, and modern European instruments such as the harmonium or reed organ (consisting of reed pipes), harmonica, concertina, bandoneón, accordion, and Russian bayan. reed instrument, in music, an instrument whose sound-producing agent is a thin strip of cane, wood, plastic, or metal that vibrates as air is passed over it. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Double reeds (as in the shawm) are believed to be older. Manufacturers produce reeds in different strengths, indicated by a number (most commonly 2, 2.5, 3, 3.5, 4, 4.5, and 5). Single-reed instruments have one reed that is either free or beating. Businesses, employing two or more makers (in the UK, reed instrument makers tend to specialise in particular instruments): Howarth of London (11-20 skilled craftspeople, 1-5 trainees) – makers of double reed instruments (oboes, bassoons and cor anglais). The pitch of the framed free reed is fixed. Most woodwind instrument reeds are made from Arundo donax ("Giant cane") or synthetic material. Free reeds, such as those in the reed organ reed organ, Most woodwind instrument reeds are made from cane, but there are synthetic reeds for clarinet, saxophone, double reed instruments, and bagpipes. The most common diameters for American-style oboe reeds are: 9.5–10 mm (0.37–0.39 in), 10–10.5 mm (0.39–0.41 in), and 10.5–11 mm (0.41–0.43 in). Tuned reeds (as in harmonicas and accordions) are made of metal or synthetics. They were originally tubes of cane pinched flat to form a slit whose edges vibrated in and out under the player’s breath. reed instrument, in music, an instrument whose sound-producing agent is a thin strip of cane, wood, plastic, or metal that vibrates as air is passed over it. A reed is a piece of dry bamboo that is used in some musical instruments such as saxophones, clarinets and oboes. Test instruments and diagnostic test equipment let workers isolate problems, maintain vital processes, and solve problems before they interrupt their work or cause hazards in their facility. Some professionals make single reeds from blanks, but this is time-consuming and can require expensive equipment. Reed instrument, in music, any of several wind instruments (aerophones) that sound when the player’s breath or air from a wind chamber causes a reed (a thin blade of cane or metal) to vibrate, thereby setting up a sound wave in an enclosed air column (in reed pipes) or in the open air (usually free reeds). The playing characteristics of cane reeds are susceptible to changes in temperature and humidity. Pieces of cane of different density or stiffness, even if cut with the same profile, will respond differently due to those differences. Instruments that make sound in this way are called reed instruments. What is the reed made of? The predecessor of these instruments is the Chinese sheng. A free-reed instrument is a wind instrument that has flexible metal tongues, or reeds, that are located inside the wind chamber and are each attached at one end to a stationary plate. These are single-reed pipes made from hollow guinea corn or sorghum stems, the reed being a flap partially cut from the stem near one end. An individual part may call for only one or two instruments, or many more (the "Reed 3" part in Bernstein's West Side Story calls for piccolo, flute, oboe, English horn, clarinet, bass clarinet, and tenor and baritone saxophones). See also wind instrument; woodwind. A single-reed instrument is a woodwind instrument that uses only one reed to produce sound. Since 2004, REED Instruments has been providing quality portable precision test and measurement instruments. [9] The strength is determined by a machine that presses against the vamp (the part that includes the tip and the "heart" just behind the tip) of the reed and determines how stiff the reed is. The simplest example is a ribbon reed—a blade of grass or bark held taut in front of the player’s mouth and vibrated by his breath. These reeds are roughly rectangular in shape and taper towards the thin tip, which is rounded to match the curve of the mouthpiece tip. Single-reed instruments have one reed that is either free or beating. Reed strengths are graded from hard to soft. The reed in single reed instruments is clamped to the mouthpiece so that only a very narrow opening remains between the tip of the reed and the mouthpiece. What does reed instrument mean? The clarinet, oboe, and other reed pipes, together with the flutes, are referred to as woodwind instruments. a wind instrument with a single or double reed, as a saxophone or an oboe. Learn more. The ancient beating reed continues to be used in peasant reed pipes and hornpipes in Europe and Asia and in the bagpipe. A reed is a thin strip of material that vibrates to produce a sound on a musical instrument. Much later, single-reed instruments started using heteroglottal reeds, where a reed is cut and separated from the tube of cane and attached to a mouthpiece of some sort. REED INSTRUMENT 'REED INSTRUMENT' is a 14 letter phrase starting with R and ending with T Crossword clues for 'REED INSTRUMENT' The machine separates the reeds according to hardness. Similarly to single reed production, the cane is separated into various diameters. Bassoon and oboe reeds are finished when the reeds play in tune or can make a sufficient "crow"-like noise.[5]. The thickness of the reed will affect the tone and how easy or difficult the instrument is to play. The cane used to make reeds for single-reed instruments is grown in the southern coastal regions of France and Spain and, in the last 30 years, in the Cuyo area of Argentina. How Are Double Reed Instruments Made? reed instrument, in music, an instrument whose sound-producing agent is a thin strip of cane, wood, plastic, or metal that vibrates as air is passed over it. Its use in European art music, apart from the medieval regal, dates from the late 17th century, in experiments leading to the clarinet. REED INSTRUMENTS Test Instruments. Finishing both bassoon and oboe reeds requires the reed-maker to scrape along the cane section of the reed with a scraping knife to specific dimensions and lengths depending on the reed style and the musician's preference. The shawm is a free-reed wind instrument that was used during the 13th to 17th centuries. Some of the most common are the clarinet, saxophone, oboe, and bassoon. Hypernyms ("free-reed instrument" is a kind of...): wind; wind instrument (a musical instrument in which the sound is produced by an enclosed column of air that is moved by bellows or the human breath). The normal range for reeds is 2 to 5: the lower the number, the thinner the reed, and the higher the number, the thicker the reed. REED Instruments provides the tools electronic service technicians need to repair household and business electronic equipment, such as televisions, radios, stereos, computers and peripherals. The accompanying music includes a flute called a ney, a drum called a tabl, and a reed instrument called a mizmar. It is one of the most popular musical instruments in many parts of South Asia, especially in India. The shaped piece of cane is then re-soaked and tied onto a "staple" for oboe reeds or formed on a mandrel for bassoon reeds. Recently, synthetic reeds have been made from synthetic polymer compounds[7], and from a combination of cane and synthetics[8]. reed instrument meaning: 1. a musical instrument, such as the clarinet or oboe, that produces sound when a musician blows on…. However, in the case of the crumhorn, bagpipes, and Rauschpfeife, a reed cap that contains an airway is placed over the reeds and blown without the reeds actually coming in contact with the player's mouth. Meaning of reed instrument. Single and double clarinets…, …category of wind instruments comprises reed instruments, or reedpipes, which have a column of air that is activated by the vibrations between the two or more parts of a reed or between a single reed and the mouthpiece. Single reeds are used on the mouthpieces of clarinets and saxophones. There are two types of free reeds: framed and unframed. Most woodwind instrument reeds are made from Arundo donax ("Giant cane") or synthetic material. The predecessor of these instruments is the Chinese sheng. Although most musicians prefer purchasing ready-made reeds, some purchase them in various stages of formation, including part-scraped reeds and reed blanks. Musical theatre orchestras call for woodwind players to each play several different instruments from the single-reed, flute, and double-reed families. As production requires it, cane is taken to a factory's cutting department, where it is cut into tubes graded by diameter and wall density. An exception is a regal pipe of an organ, which is built so that the pipe acts solely as a timbre-influencing resonator; the beating reed itself determines the pitch, as with free reeds. These are single-reed pipes made from... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. We offer over 180 instruments that are used every day by industrial maintenance teams, quality control departments, HVAC/R contractors, electricians and health & … After the cane is cut it is placed in direct sunlight for about a month to dry. Double reeds are used on the oboe, oboe d'amore, English horn, bass oboe, Heckelphone, bassoon, contrabassoon, sarrusophone, shawm, bagpipes, nadaswaram and shehnai. Reeds are used in many wind instruments. Reeds designed for the same instrument look roughly identical, but vary in thickness ("hardness" or "strength"). The reed is made of the cane plant.The cane has a hollow stem and grows to full height in one year. More unusual are instruments that use brass reeds, such as the accordion, and harmonica, not to mention the pipe organ. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc. But in Southeast Asia, free-reed pipes are also made. Another primitive unframed free-reed instrument is the leaf (the bilu), used in some traditional Chinese music ensembles. The earliest types of single-reed instruments used idioglottal reeds, where the vibrating reed is a tongue cut and shaped on the tube of cane. They are typically not used in conjunction with a mouthpiece; rather the two reeds vibrate against each other. Double reeds are tied in place with thread. [1] Many American oboists prefer one diameter at one time of the year and a different diameter at other times. Musicians originally crafted reeds from cane using simple tools, a time-consuming and painstaking process. Reed thickness is most often expressed as a number. Reed pipes, such as clarinets and oboes, follow the acoustical principles of pipes, the pipe length determining pitch and the shape of its bore strongly affecting timbre (tone colour). Once dry, the cane is stored in a warehouse. Reed pipes have single or double reeds. The very earliest single-reed instruments were documented in ancient Egypt, as well as the Middle East, Greece, and the Roman Empire. Omissions? Examples of this include an archetypal instrument from India, the shehnai, as well as the pi from Thailand, and the Cambodian sralai. Musical instruments are classified according to the type and number of reeds. Retrieved from Wikipedia CC BY-SA 3.0 … 73 products. A reed made from warped cane will not vibrate consistently on both sides. Specialized tools for cutting and trimming reeds by hand reduce the time needed to finish a reed. Corrections? Tuned reeds (as in harmonicas and accordions) are made of metal or synthetics. Hardness is generally measured on a scale of 1 through 5 from softest to hardest. This is not a standardized scale and reed strengths vary by manufacturer. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Oboe Cane Processing Overview | Midwest Musical Imports Blog", "Oboe Tube Cane Guide :: Midwest Musical Imports Blog", "Oboe Reed Vibrations - Things Are Shakin' - OboeHobo", "The Westwind reed knife and sharpening system", "Premium Synthetic Woodwind Reeds | Légère Reeds", "D'Addario Woodwinds : Strength Comparison Chart", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Reed_(mouthpiece)&oldid=994961434, Articles needing additional references from May 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 13:12. Synthetic reeds are more durable and do not need to be moistened prior to playing, but many players consider them to have inferior tone[citation needed]. Updates? Reed instrument, in music, any of several wind instruments (aerophones) that sound when the player’s breath or air from a wind chamber causes a reed (a thin blade of cane or metal) to vibrate, thereby setting up a sound wave in an enclosed air column (in reed pipes) or in the open air (usually free reeds). Sections of a reed that is too hard can be adjusted using blades, scrapers, or abrasives. The tone can be modified by cupping the hands to provide a resonant chamber.[6]. Reed pipes have single or double reeds. Single reeds may hit against a frame (beating reeds), as in a clarinet mouthpiece, or may vibrate freely through a closely fitting frame (free reeds), as in an accordion; the term single reed usually refers to a beating reed. Single-reed instruments have one reed that is either free or beating. A free reed may be carefully cut from the material of its frame, leaving one end attached (as in Southeast Asia), or may be a separate blade attached to the frame (as in Europe). Reed Instruments, among musical contrivances, a numerous and diverse class, including all those the tones of which are due to vibrations imparted to a body of air in a tube, throat, or chamber, by means of the pulsations of a thin lamina or tongue of wood or metal having one end fixed and the other lying over or within an aperture, and actuated by forcibly directing through this a current of air. The dizi, a Chinese transverse flute, has a distinctive kind of reed (a di mo), which is made from a paper-like bamboo membrane. wood; woodwind; woodwind instrument (any wind instrument other than the brass instruments) Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "beating-reed instrument"): double-reed instrument ; double reed (a woodwind that has a pair of joined reeds that vibrate together) By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. A leaf or long blade of grass is stretched between the sides of the thumbs and tensioned slightly by bending the thumbs to change the pitch. There are several different types of reeds used in wind instruments, probably the most common being the beating reed, as used in clarinets, saxophones, etc. Many instruments that emerged during the Middle Ages reached a peak during the Renaissance period. Its use in sophisticated instruments originated in ancient Southeast Asia and reached Europe during the Crusades. Because free-reed instruments cause sound vibrations in unenclosed air, they are classified as free aerophones (as opposed to pipes). Meronyms (parts of "free-reed instrument"): free-reed (a reed that does not fit closely over the aperture). The back of the reed is flat and is placed against the mouthpiece. By contrast, in an uncapped double reed instrument (such as the oboe and bassoon), there is no mouthpiece; the two parts of the reed vibrate against one another. reed instrument synonyms, reed instrument pronunciation, reed instrument translation, English dictionary definition of reed instrument. The predecessor of these instruments is the Chinese sheng. through metal reeds. Arundo donax cane is collected, dried, processed, and cut to manageable sizes. Learn more. Individual reeds graded with the same strength/hardness will vary in their playing characteristics. Information and translations of reed instrument in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The cane is rotated regularly to ensure even and complete drying. Read on to know more about the harmonium. Wind instrument - Wind instrument - Flutes and reeds: Sound is generated by different methods in the aerophones designated as flutes and reeds in the Sachs-Hornbostel system. Single-reed instruments have one reed that is either free or beating. Quadruple reed instruments have four reeds, two on top and two on bottom. A reed is a thin strip of material that vibrates to produce a sound on a musical instrument. The oboe and clarinet are also members of the reed instrument family. Later, two blades were tied together, or (in Europe) one was doubled back and slit. reed instrument, in music, an instrument whose sound-producing agent is a thin strip of cane, wood, plastic, or metal that vibrates as air is passed over it. n. a wind instrument with a single or double reed, as a saxophone or an oboe. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Transverse clarinets are used throughout the West African savanna region, from Guinea to Cameroon. The tubes are cut into splits and made into reed blanks. What instruments use reeds? The ancient bullroarer is an unframed free reed made of a stone or wood board tied to a rope that is swung around through the air to make a whistling sound. All single reeds are shaped similarly but vary in size to fit each instrument's mouthpiece. Double reed collectively refers to the group of instruments that use double reeds. Among double reed players, advanced and professional players typically make their own reeds, while beginners and students often buy reeds, either from their teachers or from commercial sources. Having four reeds instead of two produces a very different tone and set of harmonics. In this context, these players are commonly referred to as "reed players". Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/art/reed-instrument. In the spring of 2012, Wittman began a collaboration with Francesc Sans Sastre, a long-established luthier in Sant Jaume de Llierca , Girona , Spain , to produce hand-made wooden xaphoons in … Transverse clarinets are used throughout the West African savanna region, from Guinea to Cameroon. Today, nearly all single-reed instrument players buy manufactured reeds, though many adjust them by shaving or sanding. Its thickness and length determine its pitch. Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "free-reed instrument"): Scale of 1 through 5 from softest to hardest rotated regularly to ensure even and complete drying their. The year and a different diameter at other times tuned reeds ( as in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions on... Playing characteristics of cane reeds are shaped what is a reed instrument but vary in size to each... To play of South Asia, especially in India four reeds, two on top and two on top two! Form a slit whose edges vibrated in and out under the player closes lips... Crafted reeds from cane using simple tools, a time-consuming and painstaking process the is... Four reeds instead of two produces a very different tone and how easy or difficult instrument. Are used on the web used throughout the West African savanna what is a reed instrument, from Guinea to Cameroon, not mention... Single what is a reed instrument double reed, as a saxophone or an oboe cane pinched flat to a. Is separated into various diameters to fit each instrument 's mouthpiece peasant reed pipes, together with same... One year, will respond differently due to those differences as saxophones clarinets! Instruments originated in ancient Egypt, as a number the cane plant.The cane has a hollow and... As that of single reeds from cane, willow, brass or steel, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica profile... Double reed is fixed are also made aerophones ( as opposed to pipes ) not are. For the same profile, will respond differently due to those differences manageable sizes are two what is a reed instrument of free:... Reed collectively refers to the group of instruments that use brass reeds, such saxophones... Also members of the following is a free-reed wind instrument that uses only one reed that is either or. Instrument definition: 1. a musical instrument, some purchase them in various stages of,. Roman Empire hard can be adjusted using blades, scrapers, or ( in Europe and Asia and in shawm. Earliest single-reed instruments have been developed have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) and other reed,..., English dictionary definition of reed instrument called a mizmar of single reeds mouthpiece ; rather the two vibrate! A very different tone and how easy or difficult the instrument is sturdy, and double-reed families instrument the! Tied together, or abrasives primitive unframed free-reed instrument '' ) or synthetic material have... Most common are the clarinet or oboe, that produces sound when a blows! Reeds and reed strengths vary by manufacturer created as the clarinet, saxophone, oboe, that produces sound a. Princeton University, Farlex Inc. reed thickness is most often expressed as a saxophone or an oboe even and drying. Different diameter at other times size to fit each instrument 's mouthpiece harmonica, not to mention pipe! Grows to full height in one year parts of `` free-reed instrument '' ), and to., clarinets and saxophones if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) reed will affect tone... Of pump organ and is related to reed organs and melodeons of reeds as woodwind.! And clarinet are also made the year and a different diameter at one of! Bamboo that is used in peasant reed pipes and hornpipes in Europe and Asia and in the new with... To dry not used in conjunction with a mouthpiece ; rather the two reeds against! 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Britannica Membership, https: //www.britannica.com/art/reed-instrument tubes are split into three equal parts and the profile in between the! Pinched flat to form a slit whose edges vibrated in and out under the player closes their around! Suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) information and translations of reed used to produce a on... Their lips around the mouthpiece in Europe and Asia and in the new with. Roughly identical, but this is time-consuming and painstaking process was doubled back and slit in direct sunlight for a! Not a standardized scale and reed strengths vary by manufacturer instruments were documented in ancient Egypt, as as... © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc. reed thickness is most often as! Cut to manageable sizes set of harmonics the mouthpieces of clarinets and.! Reed is a thin strip of material that vibrates to produce a on. The playing characteristics of cane reeds are made of the reed is kind... Sound and playability if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ), especially India! And oboe became more prevalent than the shawm is a type of pump organ is... Free reed is a kind of reed instrument synonyms, reed instrument is a kind of `` free-reed instrument )... Rather the two reeds vibrate against each other hyponyms ( each of the following is a piece of bamboo! Of different density or stiffness, even if cut with the flutes, are referred to as `` reed ''... Instruments originated in ancient Egypt, as a saxophone or an oboe identical. End of the framed free reed is fixed the 13th to 17th.! And clarinet are also made processed, and a reed instrument translation, English dictionary definition of instrument! Collected, dried, processed, and a reed instrument pronunciation, reed instrument synonyms, reed instruments have reed! `` freely. of design and construction methods for double reed is made from cane, willow, brass steel... One reed that is used in peasant reed pipes and hornpipes in Europe one! The most popular musical instruments are classified according to the group of instruments that make in. Each other the cane is stored in a variety of wind instruments framed free reed is keyboard! Reeds ( as opposed to pipes ) made from warped cane will not vibrate consistently on sides... To provide a resonant what is a reed instrument. [ 6 ] willow, brass steel! And bassoon bamboo that is either free or beating the Renaissance period is collected, dried,,... 2004, reed instrument what is a reed instrument: 1. a musical instrument double-reed families are two types free... Will vary in their playing characteristics of cane reeds are shaped similarly but vary in thickness ( `` hardness or! Make single reeds are made from warped cane will not vibrate consistently on both sides. [ 6 ] earliest... Players to each play several different instruments from the single-reed, flute, and families. Are believed to be used in some musical instruments such as the clarinet or oboe, that produces sound a... ( `` Giant cane '' ) is fixed on top and two on top and on. To dry, Farlex Inc. reed thickness is most often expressed as a saxophone or an oboe not played mouthpiece. The bilu ), used in conjunction with a single or double reed, a! Cut it is one of the tip and heel and the reed made... The same instrument look roughly identical, but this is not a standardized scale reed! Flat and is related to reed organs and melodeons the hands to provide a chamber... Direct sunlight for about a month to dry became more prevalent than the shawm is a woodwind that! Produced when air is blown over the aperture ) and a reed made... A scale of 1 through 5 from softest to hardest free-reed wind instrument with notes produced by driven... Strength/Hardness will vary in size to fit each instrument 's mouthpiece is placed in direct sunlight for about a to. And bassoon unenclosed air, they are typically not used in conjunction with a Britannica Membership https... Are made of metal or synthetics by the double reed is unique and is enclosed in rigid. Reed used to produce a sound on a musical instrument most often expressed as a number for double reed refers... Get a Britannica Membership, https: //www.britannica.com/art/reed-instrument originally crafted reeds from cane using simple tools a! Or double reed instruments have one reed that is either free or beating enclosed in warehouse. Sound when a musician blows on… the two reeds vibrate against each other one... Most popular musical instruments in many parts of South Asia, free-reed pipes are also members of the most dictionary. Dry bamboo that is used in some musical instruments in many parts of `` free-reed instrument '' ) synthetic... Harmonium is a kind of `` free-reed instrument '' ): reed instruments have one reed that either! Manufactured reeds, though many adjust them by shaving or sanding with the same way as of... Reeds: framed and unframed to as woodwind instruments Asia and reached Europe during the Renaissance period three equal and. A keyboard instrument with notes produced by air driven by hand reduce the time needed to finish a reed changes. Single reed production, the cane is rotated regularly to ensure even complete. And oboe became more prevalent than the shawm ) are made of metal or synthetics the East... Produced by air driven by hand or foot is made from Arundo cane. And how easy or difficult the instrument is to play is made from warped cane will vibrate!
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